Useful Information for Finding a Job
The Labor Market and the Job Seeker:
Why should a job seeker be concerned with knowing about the Labor Market?
The job seeker that has researched or investigated his appropriate LM (Labor Market), will have the following advantages over the competition who has not done his homework:
· Time will be used more effectively.
· Limited finances will be extended.
· Morale will be higher as a result of knowledge and confidence.
How do I obtain Labor Market Information for my Job Search?
Labor market information (LMI) can be obtained from many different sources, a few of the most frequently used are:
· Friends & Relatives
· Agencies (public & private)
· Your local EDD
Less Frequently Used Resources:
· Department of Labor Communications
· Bureau of Labor Statistics Publications
· Trade and Professional Journals
· Chamber of Commerce
Employer Directories Specialized Libraries:
· Businessmen's Branch of the Public Library
· World Trade Library
· Labor Market Information Libraries in State Employment Agencies
Labor Market Information:
Labor Market Information consists of all obtainable data concerning employers, occupations within firms and industries, hiring practices, wages, hours, union involvement, seasonality, entry level jobs, promotional and/or career ladders, and any other pertinent information concerning jobs and workers. Labor Market Information is an integral part of an effective work search. This brief is presented to give a few basic definitions and concepts that will enable you to understand the Labor Market System. Once you have completed the workshops, you should be fully prepared to take the responsibility of the research necessary to explore and locate YOUR Labor Market.
A Labor Market is an area, usually located around a central city, that encompasses employers and the workers employed by those employers. It may extend to the limits around the central city to which workers can commute by public transportation, car pooling, or by their own transportation. If the bottom line is getting a job, and you want that job to last and be a good one, then doesn't it make sense to thoroughly research every aspect of the job? What good does it do you to train to be a bowling pin resetter if the job is being phased out because of new technology? Or how about studying to become an airplane salesman when there are no airplane companies in the small town in which you live. It just makes sense to research your job. You will be better off in the long run and it will give you an edge over your competition.
Kinds of Labor Markets:
· Primary Labor Market (PLM) - one in which jobs are stable, wages and benefits are high, the labor market within the firms are well structured with recognizable career ladders of promotional opportunities, and ports of entry for beginning workers. The PLM usually consists of large firms with union and association connections representing a power structure for both employer and employees. (Small union or trade firms also qualify as PLM's)
Examples of PLM firms are: PG&E, Bechtel, Bank of America, Standard Oil, U.C. Medical Center, Insurance Companies, etc.
· Secondary Labor Markets - Firms that are small scale, numerous, with free and easy entrance and exit for both employees and employers. Frequent job openings, high turnover, where little or no market power can be exerted by either employees or employers. No career ladders, minimal wage and fringe benefits, employers are unable or unwilling to train.
Main Features are: No inner Labor Market, No structure, and No promotional opportunities.
· External Labor Market - A Labor Market consisting of both primary and secondary grouping, outside of the immediate geographic definition of a Labor Market.
NOTE: During periods of economic crisis, the job seeker (depending upon one's occupational choice) may be forced to extend one's job search to include the External Labor Market.
· Inner Labor Market - The occupational structure within a firm or a cluster of firms that make up an "industry". Firms tend to cluster within an industry for a variety of reasons: access to transportation facilities to distribute a product, a pool of workers, traffic patterns of residents, easy access for business representatives, etc. This clustering is the pattern used when we refer to a special geographic section such as, Auto Row, the financial district, the warehousing district, Shopping Centers.
The main thing to remember is that there are various Labor Markets and you need to investigate the labor market that will provide you with the most logical and reasonable opportunities to find suitable employment. This requires research and diligence, but if you really want to find a job that is right for you, it is necessary to go through all of the steps, including doing Labor Market Research. If you have any questions while you are doing your research, feel free to contact your local EDD office and ask to speak to their Labor Market Representative. They will be happy to help you. This could be considered Data Decision Making, because you are gathering pertinent data so that you can make an informed decision about your career.
Sources of Job Leads
· Employment Development Department
· Civil Service Announcements
· Trade Associations & Trade Publications
· Private Employment Agencies
· Industrial Parks
· Yellow Pages
· Chambers of Commerce
· Business Directories
· Professional & Business Associations
· Newspaper Advertisements
· Local Newspaper
· Friends, Relatives & Neighbors
· School Placement Services
· Teachers, Religious Advisors, Insurance Agents, Credit Bankers
· Radio, TV, Newspaper & Magazine Stories of New or Expanding Companies
· Prior Employers & Employers to whom application is made
· Manufacturers or Distributors of Special Equipment used at work
· Suppliers, Customers & Competitors
· Communications Media
· Job Bulletin Board
A Good Percentage of Jobs Are Filled Through the Grapevine.
To learn more about networking and the Hidden Job Market, go to: 21 Networking Tips
50 Ways To Learn About and Get JOBS
Successful job candidates identify the best potential employers and seek out information on their job openings. Too many candidates for employment rely on only a few sources of information and may fail to obtain the best job. The following is a list of 50 resources which may help to identify employers and jobs. Most job seekers should be able to augment this list using their own contacts.
I. USE PERSONAL CONTACTS
· Fellow job seekers
· Church members
· Mentors, senior level
· Your sports contacts
· School/college associates contacts
· People used as references
II. USE EMPLOYMENT RELATED CONTACTS
· Fellow Employees
· Bulletin Board job openings
· Former employers
· People you worked with on past jobs
· "Informational interviews" of employers for advice/leads
· Ask people who turned you down for jobs
III. WORK WITH SERVICES THAT PROVIDE JOB LEADS & REFERRALS
· Counseling Office
·Library Career Centers
· Placement Services
·Job or Resume Banks
·State and Local Government Civil Service
· State Employment Offices
·Federal Job Centers
· Convention Centers
·Private Employment Agencies Commissions
· Executive Search Firms
IV. USE PUBLISHED SOURCES FOR EMPLOYER INFORMATION AND JOBS
· Chamber of Commerce
·Check Ads in old newspapers
·Study business section Directories and magazines to identify the of the newspaper to look
· Check telephone book employers in your field. for new business. "Yellow Pages"
·Professional magazIne Ads
V. OBTAIN LEADS FROM SPECIAL REFERENCE BOOKS AND PERIODICALS
· College Placement Annual
·The Professional/Trade Association Job Finder
·Career guide to Professional Associations
· National Business Employment Weekly
·The National/Regional Job Bank Book
·How to Get a Job in Various States
· The National Job Market
VI. MAKE DIRECT CONTACT WITH EMPLOYERS
· Unsolicited letter of Application & resume
·Place want ads for yourself
·Use volunteer, unpaid and temporary or part time work to get a foot in the door.
·Telephone job search
· Walk-in contacts
·Job fairs and employer open houses
· Campus interviews
PRIVATE EMPLOYMENT AGENCIES
In the search for work, private employment agencies can play an important role. Understanding their function and what that can and cannot do is vital, both from the point of view of the job seeker as a consumer and from the perspective of the employment agency as a provider of services.
Some of the agencies place people on temporary jobs in private industry. The majority aim toward permanent employment for their clients in the private sector. Agencies charge a fee for the service they provide in setting up a meeting between the client and an employer that results in the person's being offered and accepting a job. Jobs are not sold and there is no obligation (fee) to most agencies unless the employer offers and the applicant accepts the job.
· Ask about the agency's fees.
They should be conspicuously posted in all offices. Check other agencies' fees for comparison. There may not be a money savings by dealing with an agency with lower fees, however, since they may be less successful in placing you with an employer. Applicants are advised of the exact amount of the fee due for each job to which they are referred. This fee is entered on the referral contract, which is signed before going on an interview. Sometimes employers pay all of the agency fee. This is indicated when a position is advertised or represented as "fee paid" or "no fee". Sometimes the applicant must pay the entire fee. In such cases, some employers reimburse all or part of the fee paid by an applicant who has proven satisfactory performance for an agreed period of time. The agency representative should be asked about fee arrangement prior to going on the interview.
· Read and understand all contracts or documents you are asked to sign. If you do not understand something, ASK!
· Before signing a contract, ask what happens if the job does not last 90 days. Make sure you know what "just cause" means if the agency uses that phrase in their contracts relating to termination of employment.
· Ask about credit terms if you are not paying cash when the agency expects the fee to be paid. If you sign a contract and there are other terms or agreements, make sure to get them in writing as part of the contract rather than merely agreeing verbally.
· Accurately fill out any applications with the agency and the employer. Any misrepresentation can be grounds for termination, causing you to still be liable for a fee to the agency. Be honest with the agency. Adverse information withheld about your background can be more damaging when the truth is known than an honest admission in the beginning.
· Find out about the reputation of the agency. Ask friends and call the Better Business Bureau to find out whether or not many complaints have been lodged against it. Realize that an agency is a profit-motivated business.
· If you have any difficulties with the agency, attempt to discuss these with the agency owner or manager before contacting an attorney or the Bureau of Employment Agencies.
· Make demands for refunds of fees paid or deposits in writing. Direct your refund letter to the owner or manager rather than the counselor.
· If you obtain a job through an employment agency, retain all receipts, since fees paid to obtain employment represent bona fide income tax deductions.
· Always demand a receipt for any fees paid, especially by cash.
· Don't expect an agency to find a job for which you are unqualified. In other words, don't expect miracles.
· Don't sign anything you don't understand.
· Don't pay a registration or application fee. Such fees are prohibited by law, although a few agencies may require a deposit before you go on an interview. This deposit is refundable within 48 hours if the applicant fails to obtain employment.
· Don't commit yourself to employment about which you have questions. Find out all you can about the job from the employer before accepting it. Verify your duties, hours, days of work, wages, commissions or bonuses, whether or not you are required to use your own car on the job, and the company's policy on reimbursement of fees, if any.
· Don't accept any referrals to an employer whom you have previously contacted yourself, unless you are willing to pay the agency for their service. If you are unable to pay an agency fee, it is suggested you deal with agencies that operate on an exclusively employer-paid basis. Additionally, the State of California offers free assistance through the Employment Development Department.
TELEPHONE CANVASSING SCRIPT
Once you locate a potential employer you need to call them to find out if they have an opening and to arrange for an interview. Below are a couple of samples of how to canvaas over the phone. Just complete the blanks with words appropriate for you.
A. "Hello. Would you please tell me the name of the person who does the hiring? Write down the name. (You may have to add "…for the plant" or "for the office" if phoning a large place.
B. "Thank you. May I please speak with ________________________?" (Name) If the receptionist will not put you through, thank them and hang-up. Write down the time of the call and go on to the next call. Call back in about an hour. Make sure to ask for the hiring person by name.
A. "Good (morning/afternoon), _______________________________, do you (Mr./Ms. or Mrs. Name) happen to have an opening for a _______________________________, (good, experienced, etc.) _________________________?" (your occupation)
B. If yes: "Would it be possible for me to stop in and talk to you around ________ (time) this (morning/afternoon), or would ____________ be more convenient?" (time)
C. If no: "Do you happen to know of another business that may be looking for a good ____________________ at the moment?" (your occupation) Write down any referral and ask: "May I say that you referred me?"
Thank the employer and immediately phone the referral. Do not allow yourself to be interviewed on the phone. If you get the proverbial "Tell me a little about yourself" question, respond with a 30 second me, ( a condensed version of your 60 second me). Even better, answer the question directly and ask if you could see them in person to explain more fully. Always answer a question and finish by asking for an interview.
Opportunities exist in lots of different places. You have to keep an open mind and remain flexible. Think of where you might apply your skills, not where can I go to work right now. This page contains lots of different resources that you can utilize to help you obtain employment. It also contains a list of various websites where you can look for work and where you can do some personal assessments. It also contains some reference material that you might find useful as well as a list of locations for personal assistance.
EMPLOYMENT DEVELOPMENT DPARTMENT LOCATIONS
201 E. 18th Street
2447 Old Sonoma Rd. (707)226-9947
XXX Pine Street
1375 University Avenue
675 Hegenberger Rd. (510)563-5200
2045 40th Avenue Suite B (408)464-6260
715 South Point Blvd., Suite G (707)769-5650
3120 Mission Street(415)749-7599
2445 Carmichael Drive
363 Civic Drive
|South San Francisco 230 S. Spruce Avenue (650)737-2662|
39155 Liberty Street, Suite B20 (510)794-3810
343 22nd Street
2045 40th Avenue Suite B
24790 Amador Street (510)293-1771
XXX Pine Street
980 Enchanted Way, Suite 105
420 South Pastoria Avenue
XXX Baldwin Road
JOB SEARCH SITES ON THE INTERNET
Johnson Staffing http://www.johnsonstaffing.com/html/job_listings.html
America's Job Bank http://www.ajb.dni.us/
ABAG GLOBE http://www.abag.ca.gov/bayarea/commerce/globe/glob.html
SF Bay area employment resources http://www.baynet.com/bayjobs.html
Self Assessment http://www.bgsu.edu/offices/careers/process/step1.html
Career Development Tools http://www.noicc.gov/files/ncdtools.html
HOW TO SEARCH A PARTICULAR COMPANY FOR OPENINGS
1.Click the Search button on the toolbar. This displays a page offering access to Internet search engines and other search services.
2.Follow the instructions on the search engine site. Typically, you'll type in search text, click a button, then wait for the engine to locate occurrences of the text among a database of web pages.
3.Examine the search results. These are usually presented as a list of links to pages containing the text you requested.
4.For additional Internet exploration, click the Guide button on the toolbar to display a pop-up menu listing Internet directory items. These directories can guide you to various Internet sites and services.